Bozas and new tactics

05/12/2017: Between February 17-20th 2017, over 850 migrants crossed over the six-meter barbed wire fences into Ceuta. More than 1,100 people attempted to cross in January, but the majority were pushed back, as part of the violent practice of “hot deportations” being carried out by the EU. Many were injured during these attempts, but many also succeeded to boza, and now begin to fight another set of racist and repressive tactics enacted by EU states on the other side of the border.

Earlier this month, Morocco threatened the EU with relaxing its border controls, in protest of the decision of the EU to separate trade agreements between Morocco and Western Sahara, touching a very sensitive issue for Morocco. The passage of over 850 migrants in recent days to Europe is a result of these threats, showing how migrants are used as political hostages by Morocco. Continue reading

Non exhaustive summary of January 2017

The war against migrants waged by Morocco and the EU at the Moroccan / Spanish border has resulted in more injuries, deaths and disappearances at the start of this year. Following the intense repression from the Moroccan police in the cities, camps and forests in the north of Morocco, many migrants try to cross the border, something that results in serious, sometimes deathly, accident.

The police, the army, the borders kill!

Abolish Fortress Europe!



First convoy of the year

52 Boza


13 Boza


First attempt of the year – of 1100 migrants – to jump the fence

First pushback of the year of 104 migrants

The first two deaths of the year

REPRESSION Continue reading

Non exhaustive summary of December 2016 at the borders of Morocco and Spain

Repression, arrests, deportations in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia to prevent migrants from settling and preparing their journey to Europe are all supported by Europe due to cooperation treaties with North African countries in the name of « development contracts » and « externalization of european borders ».

In Morocco repression and raids took place at the end of the year, there were deaths and missing due to a sinking patera. But as well 250 Boza in a attack of the fences by 400 migrants at Ceuta and some hundreds of Boza by sea !

And still the threat of reinforcement of the borders and threat of expulsion. Still just plans of building up the fortress Europe.





11 Boza Algerians




1400 arrests of subsaharan migrants


18 boza

Helena Maleno Garzón heeft 3 nieuwe foto’s toegevoegd.


Convoy with 18 people (1 woman) arrive at Almeria


Deux pateras

Helena Maleno Garzón@HelenaMaleno 3h3 hours ago Hassan, Morocco

Rescatadas dos #pateras en el Estrecho y Alborán que llegarán a Málaga y Tarifa. #Boza #FelizSabado

Alicante Continue reading

November 2016.The borders kill.

After the jump in Ceuta where more than 200 people crossed on the 31th of October, the repression the repression is intense. And yet the borders are not impossible to cross as the EU and Morocco want them to be. Many pateras arrived in Spain this month, and several people have died or are badly injured after their attempt to cross.
The borders kill !

232 bozas in one day!


7 bozas by Maghrebians

AMDH (Moroccan Human Rights Association) – Nador Section (translated from French):
“Arrests of migrants continue in Nador. The number reached around twenty who were all deported in a bus yesterday the 1st of November around 5.30pm.”

Four pateras rescued by Salvamento Maritimo
Salvamento Maritimo (translated from Spanish):
“4 #pateras rescued by Salvamar Mimosa 12 miles from Cabo de Palos. 11 people transferred to Cartagena.

51 bozas

Gran Canaria
57 bozas

Continue reading

Article on situation in Morocco

Deaths, deportations and arrests: violence against migrants in Morocco – reporting for Open Democracy from a collective member, on how EU policy blocks routes to Europe for those suffering from the neocolonial and capitalist exploitation and nurturing of conflicts throughout Africa by western countries.

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October 2016 : Bozasssss, Raids and Repression.


2005 Ceuta and Melilla




50 Boza in 2 boats, maghrebians and subsaharans. Continue reading

Evictions in Boukhalef

[Français ci-dessous]

On Saturday the 12th of November, the police evicted the camp set up by migrants on the fields, known as “the forest” around the area Boukhalef. This happens one and a half year after the massive “anti-squatting campaign” in July 2015 and November 2015 , where SubSaharan migrants were evicted from their homes in Boukhalef, regardless of whether they had a renting contract or not. This campaign left many people homeless, and as a result some were forced to set up makeshift camps in the area around Boukhalef, leaving people even more exposed to the weather as well as harassment from the police. Today, as a result, many flats in Boukhalef are empty.

In the meantime, people managed to build up a camp fit for living, with kitchen areas and well constructed shelters. However, this was all destroyed during the raid on 12 November 2016 along with people’s personal belongings, leaving people without anything, sleeping rough, completely exposed to the cold and the wind. Some are now temporarily staying in the houses of  friends, while others are still staying in “the forest”. The reconstruction of the camp has begun with whatever material it has been possible to find in the area, along with some blankets donated by local > charities. However, the recent raid has left people in uncertainty about what to expect, and whether more raids will

Expulsions à Boukhalef

Le samedi 12 novembre 2016, la police a expulsé le camp mis en place par les migrants sur les champs, connus sous le nom de «forêt» autour de la zone de Boukhalef. Cela c’était déjà produit il y a un an après la «campagne anti-squat» massive, où les migrants SubSahariens ont été chassés de leurs maisons à Boukhalef, qu’ils aient ou non un contrat de location  Juillet 2015. et Novembre 2015. Cette campagne a laissé beaucoup de sans-abri et, par conséquent, certains ont été forcés de mettre en place des camps de fortune dans la région de Boukhalef, laissant les gens encore plus exposés aux intempéries ainsi que le harcèlement de la police. Aujourd’hui, par conséquent, de nombreux
appartements à Boukhalef sont vides.

Suite à cela, les gens ont réussi à reconstruire un camp apte à vivre, avec des aires de cuisine et des abris bien construits. Cependant, tout cela a été détruit pendant le raid ce 12 novembre 2016 avec les biens personnels des gens, laissant les gens sans rien, le sommeil rugueux, complètement exposés au froid et au vent. Certains séjournent maintenant temporairement dans les maisons d’amis, tandis que d’autres restent encore dans «la forêt». La reconstruction du camp a commencé avec tout le matériel qu’il a été possible de trouver dans la région, avec quelques couvertures données par des organismes de bienfaisance locaux. Cependant, le raid récent a laissé les gens dans l’incertitude quant à ce à quoi s’attendre, et si d’autres raids suivront.


[Français ci-dessous]

On October 31st, in the early hours of the morning, 232 migrants gained access to Spanish territory, after 400 people in total tried to enter the enclave of Ceuta in several groups.

As for the so-called “violent” and “hostile” attitude of “many armed migrants with sticks” denounced by the Delegation of Local Government, few migrants had sticks and stones, which they used in defence against Civil Guard officers who used any means to try to stop them from entering Spanish territory. This was publicised, whilst it was ignored by the CETA and many media outlets that 32 migrants were wounded badly enough to be taken to Ceuta hospital in ambulances, after crossing and clashing with Spanish police trying to prevent them from crossing the border. Continue reading

Mass arrests in Tangier


[Français ci-dessous]

On 9th November, the Boumla – the police – arrested people in the areas of Boukhalef and Medina in Tangier. One person arrested estimated that there were more than 80 people (all from sub-Saharan Africa) being held in the police station – including people with UNHCR papers and valid passports (having stayed in Morocco for less than 3 months).

Women were released in the evening, whilst men were kept overnight. One woman got sick in the police station and had to be taken to hospital, whilst one man was had been injured by the Boumla. The next morning, the Boumla released many people, and deported 18 people to Fez, over 4 hours drive away. Often the police take their phone, documents and any money the person has with them, so that when they are kicked out after a deportation they have none of their belongings with them or means to get back to Tangier.

Arbitrary arrests and deportations are a daily reality for anyone considered to be sub-Saharan by the Boumla, whether they possess the “correct” documents or not.



Le 09 Novembre 2016, le Boumla -la police- ont arrêté beaucoup de monde à Boukhalef et dans la Medina de Tanger. Une des personnes arrêtée estime qu’il y avait plus de 80 personnes (tous subsaharien) au commissariat de police, dont des personnes avec des papiers de UNHCR ou/et des passports valides.

Les femmes ont été libérés le soir,les hommes ont été maintenus toute la nuit. Une femmes est tombée malade au commissariat et a été amenée à l’hôpital. Un homme a été blessé par la Boumla. Le lendemain matin beaucoup ont été libérés et 18 personnes ont été déportées à Fez. (4 heures de route). Souvent la police prend possession de leur téléphone, documents et argent qu’ils ont sur eux. Ainsi lors de leur libération après leur déportation ils n’ont plus rien pour essayer de revenir à Tanger.

Ces arrestations et déportations arbitraires par la Boumla sont les réalités du terrain pour toute personne considérée comme subsahariens même si il possède le bon document.

Summary for September 2016 of crossings by sea and land and repression at the border between Morocco and Europe.


Brief summary for September 2016 of crossings by sea and land and repression at the border between Morocco and Europe.

In September, there were still many attempts to cross by sea or land from Morocco towards Spain.
-More and more Maghrebians (Algerians and Moroccans) try to cross.
-Two attacks at the fences: the first one in Melilla with 100 Bozas, the second in Ceuta with more than 200 people. In Ceuta they were met by heavy repression by Moroccan and Spanish police, pushbacks, many were seriously injured and deported to the south of Morocco. 4 people bozaed.
-A high number of “pateras” try to cross, it is often difficult to know the exact number. There are more and more bozas, but also more and more travellers intercepted by the Moroccan marine.
-Some questions arise about the faith of migrants arriving at the Spanish coasts: Some associations denounce detention of migrants upon their arrivals. At the same time medias present interceptions as “rescue operations”.

July and August 2016
1000 bozas at the Andalusian coast.
17 pateras to Almeria, 353 Boza

52 migrants left without care and arrested by the police upon their arrival.
Entrefronteras has added three new photos Continue reading

AUGUST 2016: A non-exhaustive summary of passages, deaths or disappeared and of border repression between Morocco and Spain

Despite the reinforcement of the militarisation of the borders between Morocco and Spain a lot of people manage to sneak through. After information from mainly mainstream media 876 migrants passed the borders, 16 were declared missing and some boats got intercepted by the moroccan Marine.

Associations in northern Morocco claim the constant and intense raids and arrests that still take place in the cities and forests in the north. A new, quite worrying incident happened in Spain, the 30th of august 52 migrants who arrived at Malaga have been taken straight to the police station after their arrival without getting medical assistance by the red cross. This was denounced by entrefronteras.


6 pateras, 130 boza within one week
Helena Maleno Garzón ‏@HelenaMaleno 31 juil. El Ejido, Espagne
108 personas salvadas en 5 #pateras (#Cartagena y #Almería). Magrebíes y
Subsaharianos. Nuestra #FronteraSur

SALVAMENTO MARÍTIMO Compte certifié ‏@salvamentogob
Tercera #patera del día y para el Helimer 202. Salvamar Mimosa rescata a
30 #personas. Llega a Cartagena sobre 17:30

22 (10+12) Boza in two pateras

34 Boza
SALVAMENTO MARÍTIMO ‏@salvamentogob 20 hil y a 20 heures
Sasemar 101 ve quinta #patera 21 millas E isla de Alborán. Guardamar
Polimnia rescata 34 #personas. 20:20 en Almería

7 Boza

Continue reading

July 2016: A non exhaustive summary

Still a lot of people try their luck for reaching Europe through Morocco. Although the majority of the travellers are subsaharan, there are more and more people from Morocco and Algeria as well who take the way via the street of Gibraltar these months.

Repression, raids and « hot refoulments » by military, the police and the Marine Marocaine, supported and financed by the EU and bilateral contracts with e.g. Spain become systematic. The raids take place in the forests of Melilla and Ceuta, the arrests in the bigger cities like Tanger, Nador or Oujda and again : deportations to Algeria !

It seems more and more frenquently, that the Salvamiento Maritimo leads pull- or push-backs : They spot a Zodiac and inform the moroccan Marine Royale who intercept the boat, even if it is already in spanish waters (e.g. the island of Alboran).

In the month of July at least 7 people went missing in the sea (2 bodies were found), one man died by the attempt of crossing the fences. Its rare that media reports the deaths, who completely disapear in the public conciousness.

The militarised fortress Europe continues the war on migrants at all the borders with so-called «  security measures ». The deaths, the displaced, the imprisoned and the expelled are just part of the « collateral damage » of their criminal politics.




2 patera : 28+34 Boza




10 Boza and a second boat with 10 migrants intercepted by the moroccan marine.

Helena Maleno Garzón@HelenaMaleno 24m24 minutes ago

#BOZAAA 10 PERSLNNES #TÁNGER #TARIFA #Patera con diez personas rescatada en el #Estrecho. Otra con once ha sido interceptada x Marruecos

Almeria Continue reading

JUNE 2016 : A non-exhaustive summary

More then 600 Boza could be counted, several mass attacks on the fences at Melilla and Ceuta : Their «  migrant pressure » continues despite the mobilization of the moroccan marine and their collaboration with the Guardia Civil. There where several deaths reported after violent interventions by law enforcement forces and a lot of people have been pushed-back where numbers are not clear. Our thoughts are with the families and friends of the victims.

Boza : at least 655

Pushbacks/ Arrests : at least 390

Deaths : at least 4

Continue reading

May 2016: A non-exhaustive summary about the situation of migrants in north Morocco

Repression, push-backs, attempts to cross the fences at Melilla and Ceuta, missed and drowned and luckily as well many successful passages via the street of Gibraltar !



34 Boza


58+15 minors try to reach the spanish mainland without success.



Association Marocaine des Droits Humains – Section Nador

SOS Migrants: this friday 6th of may, the spanish marine says they intercepted one patera with 37 subsaharan migrants on board after getting a phone call. Again a call for spanish authorities informing them about pateras leaving from the coasts of Nador. Knowing that the coastlines are highly controlled by the moroccan authorities the possibilitiy of a certain cooperation between moroccan and spanish authorities cannot be denied.…/%d8%a7%d9%86%d9%82%d8%a7%d8%b0-%d…



35 Boza


51 Push-backs, intercepted by the morrocan marine.

Helena Maleno Garzón@HelenaMaleno May 7 Tangier Medina, Morocco

#patera de 51 personas interceptada por la marina marroquí en el mar de #Alborán #nomastragedias, sigue la búsqueda de otras 35 personas


12 Boza

Helena Maleno Garzón@HelenaMaleno

#BOZAAA CONVOI #TANGER #TARIFA, arrive a la plage avec 12 personnes (4 femmes et 2 mineurs) #nomastragedias


Gran Canaria

46 Boza


Article : Ceuta – Militarisation without ending of the european- african border : Continue reading

April 2016 A non-exhaustive summary.

Despite the repressive system getting more and more intense, with all the raids in the forests, the mass arrests, the interceptions of boats and regular push-backs, the deportation of migrants to the south and the construction of new fences – the number of migrants who arrived at the spanish coasts in april is highly impressive!

The route to the Canary Islands:

The arrivals by boat increased and especially the way to the Canary Islands should be mentioned. In 2015 the was a notable increase of interceptions on this way, almost 844 people, which is the triple of the number in the report of APDH in 2014.

The death toll rose 48% in 2015 at the Morrocan/Spanish border…

After an andalusian organization concerning the loss of life at sea, the deaths have also escalated: 195 people died trying to reach Spain, 113 of them missing. This is 48% higher than the year before.

No system, as repressive and powerful it might be can stop migration!

Congratulations to all the Bozas and welcome!



8 boza Continue reading

Passages February and March 2016

A non-exhaustive summary of crossings from Morocco to Spain.

In February one could see that people are increasingly heading towards the Canary Islands, which is a highly dangerous route. Probably due to the closure of the borders in northern Morocco and the forced displacement of subsaharan migrants to the south of the country, people are taking more risks.

In the street of Gibraltar push-backs are getting more and more frequent since the coordination between Morocco and Spain is intensifying. Seeing the closure of borders at the Balkans and the agreements between the EU and Turkey for stopping migration, new routes will be chosen by migrants and their facilitators for finally reaching Europe. Lets be attentive and ready to host and support people on their way!


01/02 Almeria

10 Boza

02/02 Motril

25 Boza in a boat which left the 31/01

03/02 Motril

10 Boza Continue reading

6th February 2016 – 400 demonstrate in front of the spanish embassy in Rabat!

The 6th of February 2016, a transnational protest action took place in Morocco and Europe to commemorate migrants killed by the Spanish border-police Guardia Civil exactly two years ago in Tarajal at the beach of Ceuta.

About 400 people gathered under the slogan Stop the War Against Migrants in front of the Spanish embassy in Rabat to protest against the murderous border policy of the European Union. The “Comité de Suivi de Reseau pour la Mobilisation du 6 Fevrier 2016 Maroc”, consisting of various sub-Saharan and Moroccan Human Rights organizations, activists from Tangier and the Camps of Nador, as well as transnational collectives and individuals, organized the event.

Mostly sub-Saharan migrants, but Moroccans in solidary as well, made their way to the capital from Tangier, Tetouan, Nador, Oujda, Fez, Meknes, Casablanca, Tiznit and Layoune. The protest was joined by European activist too. Slogans like Freedom and Dignity for all Africans and Open the Borders were shouted angrily towards the Spanish embassy. Continue reading

January 2016: Boza, push-backs, deaths

A non-exhaustive summary

02/01/2015 Ceuta
12 boza

11 Boza amongst them 4 women

02/01 Ceuta
One body found at the each of Benzu

02/01 Ceuta Continue reading

Dezember 2015: Boza, push-backs, deaths

Even with the fierce repression of the moroccan forces at the borders, the raids in all the camps where migrants seek refuge, the push backs which are regularly been made by the spanish Guardia Civil, migrants continue their struggle for passing the borders. The risks they take are as high as the messures by the moroccan and european authorities to prevent them from entering. Unfortunately, as at every european border, the deaths and the partially severly injured have to be counted.
A non-exhaustive summary

01/12 Malaga
41 Boza amongst them 4 women and 2 children, 5 have been brought to hospital

01/12 Gran Canaria
10 to 15 Boza

02/12 Gran Canaria
60 Boza

04/12 Almeria Continue reading

CALL for mobilization: 6th of February transnational actions

The sixth of February is getting closer! The second anniversary of the massacre of Ceuta, when the Guardia Civil shot at least 15 sub-saharan migrants on Tarajal beach. Last year, we organized a commemoration ceremony in Tangier, this year the mobilisation is getting a lot bigger:
Many Moroccan, sub-Saharan and transnational groups have united to claim justice! Mass mobilizations are taking place in Morocco and in Europe, on the 6th of February there will be sit-ins, demos, info-evens in Rabat, Ceuta, Barcelona, Berlin and Strasbourg.
You can read about the different activities and the demands on the transnational mobilization blog:
“We are activists from collectives, associations, initiatives and various social movements. We fight for freedom of movement for all! We are from Cameroon, Syria, Mali, Eritrea, Senegal, Spain, Germany, Tunisia, Morocco, France and many more countries. We don´t accept any more deaths in the Mediterranean. We know it is possible to ‘live together’ and to consider a political system of equality and respect for human rights, because we have been building solidarity networks for years. The happenings on the 6th of February 2014, when the Spanish Guardia Civil killed at least 15 persons, who entered swimming to Ceuta, are not only spanish or morrocan issues, they are global issues. So, we united us in a common transnational struggle for the demilitarisation of the borders, the freedom of movement and global justice.”