Routine of persecution – The unbearable conditions of sub-Saharan migrants in the north of Morocco

Due to the dramatic situation at the eastern external borders of the EU,the Moroccan-Spanish setting tends to be eclipsed. But West and Central African migrants in the north of Morocco still suffer oppression and racist violence on their way to Europe. Continue reading

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Novembre 2015: Boza, Push back, Morts

Résumé non exhaustif

En ce mois de Novembre plusieurs migrant(e)s sont décédé(e)s noyé(e)s, lors de l’escalade des grillages, lors d’assault de la police ou des forces auxiliaires. La pression migratoire reste irrémédiablement présente, malgré la répression, les rafles, les déportations pour éloigner les migrant(e)s de la frontière Nord du Maroc. Les migrant(e)s cherchent de nouvelles voies pour atteindre l’Europe . Ces chemins deviennent de plus en plus dangereux, ce qui provoquent de plus en plus de décès. Heureusement certain(e)s réussissent à atteindre malgré tout leurs objectifs.

01/11 Ceuta
Enterrement d’un deuxième migrant cette semaine: Identité inconnue
http://www.ceutaldia.com/content/view/109885/63/ Continue reading

JUILLET ET AOUT 2015 : Boza, not Bozas , morts, blessés ou disparus

Toujours beaucoup de migrants prennent la mer pour essayer d’atteindre l’Europe ou essaient toujours d’ escalader les barrières à Ceuta et Melilla. Il y a eu plusieurs blessés, morts et disparus en juillet et aôut. Grâce à une collaboration au top entre Salvamento maritimo (service de recherche espagnol en mer) et la marine marocaine de nombreux bâteaux sont détectés par les Espagnols et secourus par la marine marocaine sans que nous sachions exactement si le bâteau se trouve bel et bien en zone territoriale Marocaine ou si ils se font refouler vers ses eaux par la garde Espagnol .

Ici une carte des eaux territoriales Espagnols. https://twitter.com/salvamentogob/status/620642581823815680?s=02

Update de la situation au 1 juillet 2015 Continue reading

Peligro en la Frontera: Actualización del 1/07/2015

A pesar de una reforzada ola de represión, mucha gente está intentando llegar a Europa, partiendo desde Marruecos escondidos en coches, intentando saltar las vallas en los alrededores de Ceuta y Melilla, o en barco (71 barcos con 1260 inmigrantes han llegado a Andalucia en 2015).

Estos intentos de cruzar terminan a veces en dramas humanos, lesiones severas o “desapariciones”, que habitualmente no son relatadas o declaradas, ni por los grandes medios de comunicacion ni por las autoridades. Por lo tanto no es extraño que alguien nos alerte sobre la desaparición de un inmigrante mientras trata de cruzar, aunque cualquier investigación posterior normalmente termina en nada.

La represion organizada por marruecos con cooperacion espanola y financiada por la UE se extiende a las fronteras con un aumento de la militarizacion de la zona, y con redadas en los bosques y las ciudades, donde los migrantes se albergan y viven, y en los mercados (soukh).

 

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Hazards at the borders: Update from the 1/07/2015

Despite a “reinforced” wave of repression, many people try to get to Europe, leaving from Morocco hidden in cars, trying to climb the fences around Ceuta or Melilla, or by boat (in 2015, 71 boats with 1260 migrants have arrived in Andalucia)
These crossing attempts result sometimes in human dramas, severe injuries or “disappearances” which are often not reported by mainstream media or by the authorities. Thus it’s not uncommon that someone alerts us about the disappearing of a migrant while trying to cross. But any further inquieries often remain in vain!
The repression organised by Morocco in cooperation with Spain and financed by the EU extends to the borders by an increasing militarisation, by real raids in the forests where the migrants seek shelter, in the markets (Soukh) and in the cities where migrants live. Continue reading

Des dangers des frontières : Update 1/07/2015

Malgré une répression « renforcée » beaucoup de personnes essaient d’atteindre l’ Europe à partir du Maroc , caché(e)s dans des voitures, tentant d’escalader les grillages à Ceuta ou Melilla, ou par bateau (Depuis 2015 71 pateras avec 1260 migrants arrivés en Andalousie).

Ces tentatives de passage amènent parfois des drames humains, des blessés graves ou des disparitions qui souvent ne sont pas rapportés par les mainstreammedia ou par les autorités. Ainsi il n’est pas rare que certains nous alerte sur la disparition d’un migrant lors d’une tentative de passage. Des recherches avancées restent souvent vaines!
La répression organisée par le Maroc en collaboration avec l’Espagne et financée par l’Europe s’étend aux frontières par une militarisation importante,par des véritables rafles dans les forêts où les migrant(e)s se refugent, dans les Soukh et dans les villes où les migrant(e)s vivent. Continue reading

Mise à jour III sur les détentions et les déportations de migrants subsahariens au Maroc

23/02/2015  engl

Dans le cadre de la politique européenne de voisinage (PEV), l’UE et ses États membres soutiennent les états  frontaliers pour la surveillance des frontières afin de  prévenir  efficacement les migrants d’atteindre le territoire . En tant que partenaire de l’«avancée Partenaire» dans le PEV, le Maroc est complice dans la création d’une zone tampon d’extériorisation du régime des frontières inhumaines entre l’UE et l’Afrique du Nord. Pour améliorer son statut , le Maroc a signé  le ‘Mobility Partnership‘ incluant les négociations de réadmission ,et ont reçu “l’assistance à  la stratégie pour combattre les migrations illégales (EU/Morocco Action Plan, §48) de l’UE. Le Maroc s’avère être le meilleur chien de garde de l’UE au nord de l’Afrique.Les détentions à grandes échelles et les déportations de migrants subsahariens au Maroc montrent à quoi ressemble cette lutte dans la pratique.

Le 9 Février 2015, le ministère de l’Intérieur marocain a annoncé son plan d’évacuation complète des camps de migrants dans les forêts entourant les enclaves espagnoles de Ceuta et Melilla. Les rafles ont débuté après la conférence de presse du gouvernement annonçant la fin du processus de régularisation. Le 10 Février, les autorités marocaines ont commencé la destruction des camps et ont arrêté plus de 1000 migrants qui vivaient dans les forêts montagneuses de Gurugu (pour plus de détails, voir Mise à jour I). Le 13 Février, les raids et les arrestations se sont poursuivies dans plusieurs forêts autour de Nador. La plupart des migrants ont été emmenés dans un camp de Kariat Arekmane pour les procédures d’identifications et ensuite dispersés dans différents camps de fortune dans le Sud du Maroc (pour plus de détails, voir Mise à jour II).
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La situation dans les camps autour des  forêts autour de Melilla Continue reading

Mise à jour II des déportations en cours de migrants en provenance des forêts de Nador

10690144_680705752040533_3299314620671272272_nCarte des nouveaux camps improvisés au Maroc

Engl

Esp

Ces derniers jours, l’État marocain a poursuivi sa campagne d’expulsions aux frontières de l’Union européenne, accompagnée d’une violence extrême et foulant aux pieds les droits des migrant(e)s et leurs libertés fondamentales.

Vendredi dernier, 13 Février, les autorités ont mené des rafles dans plusieurs forêts autour de Nador, au cours desquelles ils ont arrêté environ 200 personnes qui vivaient dans Baquoya, Afra, Bolingo et d’autres endroits autour de Nador. Parmi les détenu(e)s qui ont été également amené(e)s au camp de Akariat il y avait plusieurs femmes (certaines d’entre elles enceintes) et des enfants, plusieurs demandeurs d’asile et les détenteurs de documents. Beaucoup de tentes, de couvertures, de biens personnels et de nourriture ont été brûlés de sorte que les migrant(e)s qui ont échappé(e) aux rafles ont été contraint(e)s de se cacher dans le froid et manquent des besoins les plus élémentaires. . Certains sont déjà en train de reconstruire certains camps mais la crainte de plus de terreur de l’État reste élevée. En outre, plusieurs personnes ont été emprisonnées et sont accusée de trafic d’êtres humains – autre tentative d’accuser les migrant(e)s plutôt que de blâmer l’état capitaliste et ces systèmes de policiers-mafia-réseaux sous-jacents. Continue reading

Programme pour les actions du 6/7 Fevrier au Maroc ( Fr, Engl, Arabic)

Engl and arabic below

Programme pour les actions du 6/7 Février au Maroc:

  Vendredi, 6 Février

11.00h : Sit-in devant le consulat espagnol a Tanger

14.00 : Exposition des photos et ceremonie de commemoration – (Ibn Batouta, Iberia)

17.00 : Messe de la commemoration des victimes de la Plage de Tarajal (Église Catholique de Tanger)

  Samedi, 7 Fevrier

15.00 : Commemoration devant les grillages à Fnideq

Ces actions seront organisées par:

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As 2014 ends, more migrants overcome the obstacles to arrive in Europe.

Some of the migrants have been living in Morocco for years. They wonder if they will live to see Europe, or if they will die trying.

Many have already been illegally pushed back, as well as being shot at, by Guardia Civil, Spanish police, after arriving within colonial Spanish territory on the African continent: Ceuta and Melilla. There is daily anguish at how hard life can be in Morocco, as the desperate and now cold conditions in forest camps isolate them from Moroccan communities around the Spanish cities. Others live in squats, rented apartments or small camps, in or next to an area, half-built, on the edge of Tanger.

2014 has been an unprecedented year for migration in Morocco. The 2013 migration reforms were said by many to be a sign of Morocco slowly coming to terms with migration changes. Its allying with the EU to increase the hardship of the border regime, now also increasing the numbers of Sub-Saharan migrants stuck in the country. Many migrants, though, have been sceptical, and seen the séjour citizenship as a dangerous option, that not only has a strong suggestion of empty promises, but also the risks of heavy sentences in Moroccan prisons, for either trying again to reach Europe, or for speaking out about cruelty received from agents of the Moroccan state. It is often perceived as an instrument of control, instead of one of support. Continue reading

Dozens of migrants murdered by Spanish and Moroccan police in attempts to cross border in early February but over 200 enter in recent days

The 6th of February has become a common reference when talking about police brutality at the European border. On this day the Spanish Guardia Civil shocked many people by showing what means they are ready to put into practice in order to stop migration, this day leading to the death of at least 17 people. A group of Camerounese migrants, who were in the water that, have told us what they experienced that day. The following is a summary of their stories.

Early in the morning of the 6th of February a group of 400 migrants (mostly Camerounese) went down to the beach in Fnideq close to the border to Spain, and started swimming towards Ceuta. While doing so they were being attacked by Moroccan military police, but also Spanish police started to shoot with rubber bullets at the migrants while they were still at the Moroccan side, as well as at the people who made it to the Spanish side. They were shooting both directly at people and at the floating implements that some people needed because they were not able to swim. This caused several people to drown. Apart from that, there were Guardia Civil officers in a boat with a Spanish flag who were pumping tear-gas into the water as well as sailing over people.

There was a mass panic attack in the water when some migrants tried to continue making their way to Spain, while others tried to escape the bullets and tear gas by returning to the Moroccan side.
Officially 17 people are announced to be dead, but according to these Cameroonian people, more than 25 people died, and others are still missing. Continue reading

Seconde mort violente au cours d’un raid de police à Tangers en deux mois : les migrants se lèvent.


Le quatre décembre est un jour dont beaucoup se souviendont ici à Tangers. Un raid de la police dans la région de Doha Boukhalef a causé la mort violente de Cédric, un homme camerounais. Les détails précis concernant sa mort restent obscurs mais son corps portait les traces de blessures à la tête qui lui ont été fatales. Il a été porté sur deux kilomètre de Doha Boukhalef en direction du centre ville dans un manifesation spontanée de la communauté des migrants. Se levant et prenant les rues par centaines, les migrants ont marché pour demander l’arrêt de morts, en portant le corps de Cédric afin que sa ne soit pas ignorée.

Ils ont réussi, et les affrontements entre la police et les maroccains racistes pendant la manifestation ont permis à la ville de réaliser l’horreur de ce qu’il s’était passé et se passe dans leur propre ville.Quand la police des émeutes a bloqué la route, les migrants ont forcé le passage les uns après les autres, et la police les a pourchassé avec des pierres et la foule les a chargé. Plus d’un millier de jeunes hommes marocains se sont rassemblés pour regarder, et quelques groupes ont attaqué la marche avec des pierres à maintes reprise. Les migrants, des passants marocains et un chef de police ont été touchés par ces missiles. Continue reading

Second death from police raids in Tanger in two months, Migrants Rise Up


The 4th of December was a day that will be remembered by many here in Tanger. A police raid in the Doha Boukhalef region caused the violent death of Cédric, a man from Cameroon. Exact details remain unclear but his body bearing fatal head wounds was carried over 2km from Doha Boukhalef in the direction of the city centre in a spontaneous manifestation by the migrant community.

Rising up and taking the streets in their hundreds, migrants marched demanding these deaths stop, carrying his body aloft so as not to let his death be ignored. They succeeded in their goal, and the clashes with police and racist Moroccans during the manifestation ensured that the city paid attention to what evil things had occurred in their own city.

When riot police blocked their path migrants broke through their lines time after time, and had the police on the run with stones and crowd charges. Well over a thousand young Moroccan men gathered to watch and some groups of them attacked the march with stones many times. Migrants, Moroccan bystanders and a chief of police were hit by these missiles.

Migrants made their message loud and clear last night, showing fearless resolve and strength. By the sheer power of their manifestation they forced this issue into the national news ensuring this cannot be kept quiet. Outnumbered and against all odds they stood strong and made their message loud and clear. Continue reading

Tangiers: Migrant house attacked and looted

A migrant house in the area of Houmat Chouk, a poor neighbourhood in the south-east of Tangier, was violently attacked last night, Tuesday 12th November. Two Senegalese men were hurt in the confrontations, during which local Moroccans swarmed and entered the house threatening with knives and other weapons. Continue reading

Death of Senegalese in police raid called ‘accidental’

The Senegalese Consulate in Rabat has backed the Moroccan authorities’ version of the events which led to the death of Moussa Seck, who died during a police raid of a house in Tangier on October 10th.

Migrants in Tangier see a tendency for the Senegalese Consulate to back the Moroccan authorities. This time the decision came despite witness statements that Moussa had been beaten by police before falling from a fourth floor window, and that the exact circumstances of how he came to fall are doubted.

It signals the end of the official response to the 24-year-old’s tragic death. The Moroccan authorities also evaded questioning about why police forces routinely raid the homes of sub-Saharan migrants, operations widely reported as involving violence and theft, and during which four people have died so far this year.

Link: http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/20258/deces-senegalais-tanger-consulat-confirme.html

Migrant dies in police raid

On the 10th of October 2013, another regular morning police raid was underway in a migrant house on the outskirts of Tangier. The police broke in through the front door and stormed through the building, waking everybody inside. The residents, being quite accustomed to this kind of treatment, took their time without panic.

Witnesses in the building claim that one resident, Musa Secky, was found in the bathroom washing his face before facing his authoritarian audience outside. The officer that found him told him that he should go downstairs now or he will beat him. Mr Secky replied that he would defend himself if the officer was to try to harm him, so the officer took it upon himself to start beating Mr Secky with his standard issue baton. Within a few seconds the brawl was over and sadly Mr Secky was dead. He had fallen from a fourth floor window and had died instantly. The witnesses had become afraid of the consequences when the fight had started so they began to leave, therefore were not sure exactly what had happened. The police claim that Mr Secky had jumped out of the window in a desperate attempt to escape. The residents on the other hand believe otherwise. Continue reading

Police raids of migrants’ homes in Tangiers

This is a report by a UK No Borders Activist currently in Tangiers on his experience of being at a Sub-saharan African migrants’ house in Tangiers while it was being raided by Moroccan Police, who are funded by the EU. 

Having your door kicked open and police officers come storming into your home early in the morning is not an uncommon thing for a migrant household in Tangier. In fact this can happen at least once every week, so much so that the residents of the house will just leave the doors open most often just so they dont have to keep repairing them. The reason for this is to catch out any migrant that may be in Morocco without papers. If such person were to be found then they would be detained for up to 2 days before being taken to the nearest border, which for Tangier is Oujda, the border town close to Algeria. Continue reading